Dr. Hani al-Hashemi, Hematology and Blood Stem Cell transplant consultant in King Fahad Specialist Hospital in dammam, explained, “Stem cells transplants is a medical procedure wherein blood producing stem cells are injected into a recipient. Stem cell transplantation is used to treat a number of cancerous as well as non-cancerous conditions.”
“The cancerous conditions are: acute leukemia or chronic, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma (cancer of the plasma cells in the patient bone marrow), while non cancerous conditions are Hemoglobinopathies and some of the immune deficiency disorders,” he added.
According to Dr. Hani Al-Hashimi: there are two types of stem cells transplants, one of which is: Autologous stem cells transplant: ‘Auto’ means ‘self’.
Stem cells are removed from the patient himself before receiving high-dose of chemotherapy treatment or a growth factor (a drug that stimulates stem cells) called Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) which is used to expand the number of stem cells in the patient marrow. Afterwards, stem cells are stored in a freezer (cryopreservation) 180 c° below zero.
After high-dose of chemotherapy treatments are done, the stems cells are put back in the patient`s bloodstream through a tube called a central venous catheter. The process is similar to getting a blood transfusion which is free of any type of anesthesia.
The other type of stem cell transplants called: Allogeneic stem cells transplant: ‘Allo’ means ‘other’. Stem cells are removed from another person, called a donor. Most times, the donor must at least partly match the patient genetically. Special blood tests are done to determine if a donor is a good match for the patient. A brother or sister is most likely to be the best match.
However, sometimes parents, children, and other relatives may be good matches. Donors who are not related to the patient may be found through national/ international bone marrow registries.
Dr. Hani al-Hashemi, explained, “All of the 50 stem cells transplants which were conducted during 2011 and 2012 in the Hematology and blood stem cells transplant Department at King Fahd Specialist Hospital in Dammam,were successful without any unexpected complication.”
He also indicated, “One of the main reasons for this success of the stem cells transplants are the qualified medical staff and the advanced therapeutic technology in the Blood Stem Cell Transplant Department at king fahad specialist hospital in Dammam, which is the only medical center specialized in those critical transplants at the eastern region.”
Dr. Hani al-Hashemi attributed those remarkable successes to the planning and clear vision of KFSH-D administration, which focuses on achieving quality in health care and improving health services through the implementation of advanced international programmes in stem cells transplants.
Monday, December 3- 2012 @ 9:49 UAE local time (GMT+4) Replication or redistribution in whole or in part is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Mediaquest FZ LLC.