The Ministry of Works continues to implement its strategy of developing alternative and untraditional water resources, which is considered a big challenge in the light of the water crisis in the world. According to the Global Economic Forum’s report for the coming 10 years, establishing untraditional alternative water is one of the environmental dangers that could result in a systematic shock on an international level.
The Kingdom of Bahrain continues to view the water case as an issue that affects its national security. Therefore, it has paid much attention, like the rest of the GCC countries, to groundwater. This was announced in the closing of the 31st Gulf Summit in December 2010.
Since 1988, the Kingdom of Bahrain has been taking care of ground water consumption. In order to be able to face the coming challenge, they have been working to find an alternative water resource. In 2004, the Ministry began to connect treated water to fields in Dimistan, Maqaba and other areas located on the West.
The average of treated water usage for irrigation purposes amounted to 21%; indicating that an equal amount of groundwater used for agricultural purposes has been preserved. Despite the fact that treated water contributes indirectly to agriculture production, it has contributed by 0.054% (BD5 million) to the agriculture sector in 2011.
The Ministry of Works considers tertiary treated water as a social environmental project (environmental- societal) due to the society’s acceptance for it as an alternative water resource; with 8.2% consumption, rising to 42% in 2012. This has also created job opportunities, especially for old people in the age of retirement.
The Ministry is also working to increase Tubli Sewage Treatment Plant’s production of tertiary treated waters. They are also considering reusing treated water from the treatment plant located North of Muharraq (60,000m3/daily), the treatment plant in Sitra (16,000m3/daily), treatment plant South of Alba (2,5003/daily), and industrial Ma’ameer (2,2003/daily), all of which can contribute to reducing groundwater consumption.
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